Out of baking soda? Don't have buttermilk? Make that recipe anyway. Here is a list of substitutions for common ingredients.

 

Ingredient Substitution
Allspice (1 tsp.) 1/2 tsp. cinnamon + 1/4 tsp. nutmeg + 1/4 tsp. ground clove
Baking Powder (1 tsp.) 1/4 tsp. baking soda + 1/2 tsp. cream of tartar
Baking Soda (1 tsp.) 2 tsp. double-acting baking powder + replace acidic liquid ingredient in recipe with non-acidic liquid
Balsamic Vinegar Equal amount of sherry or cider vinegar
Bread Crumbs (1 cup) 3/4 cup cracker crumbs
Brown Sugar (1 cup) 1 Tbsp. light molasses + enough sugar to fill 1 dry measure cup or 1 cup raw sugar
Butter, salted (1 cup or 2 sticks) 1 cup or 2 sticks unsalted butter + 1/4 tsp. salt or 1 cup margerine or 7/8 cup lard or vegetable shortening
Buttermilk (1 cup) Place 1 Tbsp. white vinegar or lemon juice in a liquid measure. Fill to 1 cup with room temp whole or 2% milk and let stand for 5 minutes or 1 cup milk + 3/4 tsp. cream of tartar or 1 cup plain yogourt
Canola, Sunflower and Vegetable Oils Substitute one for one
Chocolate, Bittersweet or Semi-Sweet (1 oz.) 1/2 oz. unsweetened chocolate + 1 Tbsp. granulated sugar
Chocolate, Milk (1 oz.) 1 oz. bittersweet or semi-sweet + 1 Tbsp. granulated sugar
Corn Syrup - Dark (1 cup) 3/4 cup light corn syrup + 1/4 cup light molasses
Corn Syrup - Light (1 cup) 1 cup dark corn syrup or 1 cup honey, or 1 cup granulated sugar + increase liquid in recipe by 1/4 cup
Cream of Tartar (1/2 tsp.) 1/2 tsp. white vinegar or lemon juice
Egg (1 whole large egg) 3 1/2 Tbsp. thawed frozen egg or 3 1/2 Tbsp. egg substitute or 2 1/2 Tbsp. powdered whole egg + 2 1/2 Tbsp. water or 2 large egg yolks and 1 Tbsp. cold water
Egg White (1 large) 2 Tbsp. thawed frozen egg white or 1 Tbsp. powdered egg white + 2 Tbsp. water
Egg Yolk (1 large) for baking 3 1/2 tsp. frozen yolk or 2 Tbsp. powdered yolk + 2 tsp. water
Evaporated Milk Simmer and reduce whole milk by 60%
Flour, Self Rising (1 cup sifted) 1 cup sifted all purpose flour + 1 1/2 tsp. baking powder + 1/8 tsp. salt
Garlic (1 fresh clove) 1 tsp. Garlic Salt or 1/8 tsp. Garlic Powder or 1/4 tsp. dried minced garlic
Gingerroot (1 Tbsp. minced) 1/8 tsp. ground ginger powder or 1 Tbsp. rinsed and chopped candied ginger
Half & Half cream (1 cup) for cooking or baking 1 1/2 Tbsp. butter or margarine + enough milk to equal 1 cup
35% Whipping Cream (1 cup) for cooking or baking 3/4 cup milk + 1/3 cup butter or margarine
Herbs, Dried (1 tsp.) 1 Tbsp. fresh herb
Herbs, Fresh (1 Tbsp.) 1 tsp. dried herb
Honey (1 cup) for cooking or baking 1 1/4 cups granulated sugar + 1/4 cup of liquid appropriate for recipe
Italian Seasoning (1 tsp.) 1/2 tsp. dried basil + 1/4 tsp. dried oregano + 1/4 tsp. dried thyme
Kosher Salt (1 tsp.) 2/3 tsp. table salt
Lemon Zest (1 tsp.) 1 tsp. orange or lime zest or 1/2 tsp. lemon extract
Lemongrass (2 stalks) Zest from 1 lemon
Lime Juice, fresh (1 Tbsp.) 1 Tbsp. fresh lemon or orange juice
Milk, regular or low-fat (1 cup) 1/2 cup evaporated milk + 1/2 cup water
Molasses (1 cup) 1 cup honey or 1 cup dark corn syrup or 3/4 cup light or dark brown sugar dissolved in 1/4 cup liquid
Mustard, Prepared (1 Tbsp.) 1/2 tsp. dry mustard powder + 2 tsp. white vinegar
Onion (1 small minced) 1/2 tsp. onion powder
Peanut Oil (for flavour) Vegetable oil with a splash of sesame oil can be substituted one for one
Poultry Seasoning (1 tsp.) 1/4 tsp. ground thyme + 3/4 tsp. ground sage
Pumpkin Pie Spice (1 tsp.) 1/2 tsp. ground cinnamon + 1/4 tsp. ground ginger + 1/8 tsp. allspice + 1/8 tsp. nutmeg
Sour Cream (1 cup) 1 cup plain yogourt or 1 Tbsp. lemon juice and enough evaporated milk to equal 1 cup
Superfine Sugar 1 cup granulated sugar processed in food processor until fine
Sweetened Condensed Milk 1 cup of evaporated milk + 1 1/4 cups of sugar. Heat until dissolved
Tomato Juice (1 cup) for cooking 1/2 cup tomato sauce + 1/2 cup water
Tomato Sauce (1 cup) for cooking 1/2 cup tomato paste + 1/2 cup water
White Vinegar (1/4 cup) 1/4 cup apple cider vinegar or 1/3 cup lemon juice
Wine, Red (1 cup) 1 cup nonalcoholic wine, apple cider, beef broth or water
Wine, White (1 cup) 1 cup nonalcoholic wine, white grape juice, apple juice, chicken broth or water
Yogourt (1 cup) 1 cup buttermilk or 1 Tbsp. lemon juice and enough milk to equal 1 cup or 1 cup sour cream

Visit our Baking Pan Substitutions article for more great substitution ideas!

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